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Electric Solar Wind Sail (E-sail)

   
 

Papers, press releases and workshop material

   
   

 

E-sail is cover article of Rev.Sci.Instrum Nov 2010 issue






































E-sail/ESTCube-1 special issue of Proc.Est.Acad.Sci. 2S, May 2014






























ESTCube-1 is cover article in IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems August 2015 issue

Scientific papers

Papers of the Coulomb drag propulsion inventor group at FMI led by P.Janhunen. Also includes papers of our external collaborators.

  1. Janhunen, P., Electric sail for spacecraft propulsion, J. Prop. Power, 20, 763-764, 2004.
  2. Janhunen, P. and A. Sandroos, Simulation study of solar wind push on a charged wire: basis of solar wind electric sail propulsion, Ann. Geophys., 25, 755-767, 2007.
  3. Mengali, G., A. Quarta and P. Janhunen, Electric sail performance analysis, J. Spacecr. Rockets, 45, 122-129, 2008.
  4. Janhunen, P., The electric sail - a new propulsion method which may enable fast missions to the outer solar system, J. British Interpl. Soc., 61, 8, 322-325, 2008.
  5. Mengali, G., A. Quarta and P. Janhunen, Considerations of electric sail trajectory design, J. British Interpl. Soc., 61, 8, 326-329, 2008.
  6. Mengali, G. and A. Quarta, Non-Keplerian orbits for electric sails, Cel. Mech. Dyn. Astron., 105, 179-195, doi:10.1007/s10569-009-9200-y, 2009.
  7. Janhunen, P., On the feasibility of a negative polarity electric sail, Ann. Geophys., 27, 1439-1447, 2009.
  8. Toivanen, P.K. and P. Janhunen, Electric sailing under observed solar wind conditions, Astrophys. Space Sci. Trans., 5, 61-69, 2009.
  9. Janhunen, P., Increased electric sail thrust through removal of trapped shielding electrons by orbit chaotisation due to spacecraft body, Ann. Geophys., 27, 3089-3100, 2009.
  10. Janhunen, P., Electrostatic plasma brake for deorbiting a satellite, J. Prop. Power, 26, 370-372, 2010.
  11. Quarta, A.A. and G. Mengali, Electric sail mission analysis for outer solar system exploration, J. Guid. Contr. Dyn., 33, 740-755, 2010.
  12. Quarta, A.A. and G. Mengali, Electric sail missions to potentially hazardous asteroids, Acta Astronaut., 66, 1506-1519, 2010.
  13. Quarta, A.A., G. Mengali and P. Janhunen, Optimal interplanetary rendezvous combining electric sail and high thrust propulsion system, Acta Astronaut., 68, 603-621, 2011.
  14. Janhunen, P., P.K. Toivanen, J. Polkko, S. Merikallio, P. Salminen, E. Hæggström, H. Seppänen, R. Kurppa, J. Ukkonen, S. Kiprich, G. Thornell, H. Kratz, L. Richter, O. Krömer, R. Rosta, M. Noorma, J. Envall, S. Lätt, G. Mengali, A.A. Quarta, H. Koivisto, O. Tarvainen, T. Kalvas, J. Kauppinen, A. Nuottajärvi and A. Obraztsov, Electric solar wind sail: Toward test missions, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 81, 111301, 2010.
  15. Merikallio, S. and P. Janhunen, Moving an asteroid with electric solar wind sail, Astrophys. Space Sci. Trans., 6, 41-48, 2010.
  16. Janhunen, P., Status report of the electric sail in 2009, Acta Astronaut., 68, 567-570, 2011.
  17. Seppänen, H., Kiprich, S., Kurppa, R., Janhunen, P. and Hæggström, E., Wire-to-wire bonding of um-diameter aluminum wires for the Electric Solar Wind Sail, Microelectronic Engineering, 88, 3267-3269, 2011.
  18. Mengali, G., Quarta, A. and Aliasi, G., A graphical approach to electric sail mission design with radial thrust, Acta Astronaut., 82, 197-208, 2013.
  19. Janhunen, P., Photonic spin control for solar wind electric sail, Acta Astronaut., 83, 85-90, 2013.
  20. Toivanen, P. and P. Janhunen, Spin plane control and thrust vectoring of electric solar wind sail by tether potential modulation, J. Prop. Power, 29, 178-185, 2013.
  21. Janhunen, P., A. Quarta and G. Mengali, Electric solar wind sail mass budget model, Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 2, 85-95, 2013.
  22. Seppänen, H., T. Rauhala, S. Kiprich, J. Ukkonen, M. Simonsson, R. Kurppa, P. Janhunen and E. Hæggström, One kilometer (1 km) electric solar wind sail tether produced automatically, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 84, 095102, 2013.
  23. Kestilä, A., T. Tikka, P. Peitso, J. Rantanen, A Näsilä, K. Nordling, H. Saari, R. Vainio, P. Janhunen, J. Praks and M. Hallikainen, Aalto-1 nanosatellite - technical description and mission objectives, Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 2, 121-130, 2013.
  24. Janhunen, P., Electric sail, photonic sail and deorbiting applications of the freely guided photonic blade, Acta Astronaut., 93, 410-417, 2014.
  25. Slavinskis, A., U. Kvell, E. Kulu, I Sünter, H. Kuuste, S. Lätt, K. Voormansik and M. Noorma, High spin rate magnetic controller for nanosatellites, Acta Astronaut., 95, 218-226, 2014.
  26. Lätt, S., A. Slavinskis, E. Ilbis, U. Kvell, K. Voormansik, E. Kulu, M. Pajusalu, H. Kuuste, I. Sünter, T. Eenmäe, K. Laizāns, K. Zālite, R. Vendt, J. Piepenbrock, I. Ansko, A. Leitu, A. Vahter, A. Agu, E. Eilonen, E. Soolo, H. Ehrpais, H. Lillmaa, I. Mahhonin, J. Mõttus, J. Viru, J. Kalde, J. Šubitidze, J. Mucenieks, J. Sate, J. Kütt, J. Polevskis, J. Laks, K. Kivistik, K.-L. Kusmin, K.-G. Kruus, K. Tarbe, K. Tuude, K. Kalniņa, L. Joost, M. Lõoke, M. Järve, M. Vellak, M. Neerot, M. Valgur, M. Pelakauskas, M. Averin, M. Mikkor, M. Veske, O. Schlere, P. Liias, P. Laes, R. Rantsus, R. Soosaar, R. Reinumägi, R. Valner, S. Kurvits, S.-E. Mändmaa, T. Ilves, T. Peet, T. Ani, T. Tilk, T.H.C. Tamm, T. Scheffler, T. Vahter, T. Uiboupin, V. Evard, A. Sisask, L. Kimmel, O. Krömer, R. Rosta, P. Janhunen, J. Envall, P. Toivanen, T. Rauhala, H. Seppänen, J. Ukkonen, E. Hæggström, R. Kurppa, T. Kalvas, O. Tarvainen, J. Kauppinen, A. Nuottajärvi, H. Koivisto, S. Kiprich, A. Obraztsov, V. Allik, A. Reinart and M. Noorma, ESTCube-1 nanosatellite for electric solar wind sail in-orbit technology demonstration, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci., 63, 200-209, 2014.
  27. Envall, J., P. Janhunen, P. Toivanen, M. Pajusalu, E. Ilbis, J. Kalde, M. Averin, H. Kuuste, K. Laizāns, V. Allik, T. Rauhala, H. Seppänen, S. Kiprich, J. Ukkonen, E. Hæggström, T. Kalvas, O. Tarvainen, J. Kauppinen, A. Nuottajärvi and H. Koivisto, E-sail test payload of ESTCube-1 nanosatellite, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci., 63, 210-221, 2014.
  28. Slavinskis, A., et al., Attitude determination and control for centrifugal tether deployment on the ESTCube-1 nanosatellite, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci., 63, 242-249, 2014.
  29. Khursid, O., T. Tikka, J. Praks and M. Hallikainen, Accommodating the plasma brake experiment on-board the Aalto-1 satellite, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci., 63, 258-266, 2014.
  30. Janhunen, P., P. Toivanen, J. Envall, S. Merikallio, G. Montesanti, J. Gonzalez del Amo, U. Kvell, M. Noorma and S. Lätt, Overview of electric solar wind sail applications, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci., 63, 267-278, 2014.
  31. Quarta, A.A., G. Mengali and P. Janhunen, Electric sail for near-Earth asteroid sample return mission: case 1998 KY26, J. Aerospace Eng., 27, 6, 04014031-1--04014031-9, 2014.
  32. Janhunen, P., Simulation study of the plasma-brake effect, Ann. Geophys., 32, 1207-1216, 2014.
  33. Janhunen, P., Lebreton, J.-P., Merikallio, S., Paton, M., Mengali, G. and Quarta, A.A., Fast E-sail Uranus entry probe mission, Planet. Space Sci., 104A, 141-146, 2014.
  34. Kleshch, V.I., E.A. Smolnikova, A.S. Orekhov, T. Kalvas, O. Tarvainen, J. Kauppinen, A. Nuottajärvi, H. Koivisto, P. Janhunen and A.N. Obraztsov, Nano-graphite cold cathodes for electric solar wind sail, Carbon, 81, 132-136, 2015.
  35. Toivanen, P., P. Janhunen and J. Envall, Electric sail control mode for amplified transverse thrust, Acta Astronaut., 106, 111-119, 2015.
  36. Rosta, R., O. Krömer, T. van Zöst, P. Janhunen and M. Noorma, Wrecker: an unreeling mechanism for a thin electrically conductive space tether, CEAS Space J., 7:53-68, 2015.
  37. Janhunen, P., S. Merikallio and M. Paton, EMMI - Electric solar wind sail facilitated Manned Mars Initiative, Acta Astronaut., 113, 22-28, 2015.
  38. Janhunen, P. and P. Toivanen, Safety criteria for flying E-sail through solar eclipse, Acta Astronaut., 114, 1-5, 2015.
  39. Slavinskis, A., M. Pajusalu, H. Kuuste, E. Ilbis, T. Eenmäe, I. Sünter, K. Laizāns, H. Ehrpais, P. Liias, E. Kulu, J. Viru, J. Kalde, U. Kvell, J. Kütt, K. Zālite, K. Kahn, S. Lätt, J. Envall, P. Toivanen, J. Polkko, P. Janhunen, R. Rosta, T. Kalvas, R. Vendt, V. Allik and M. Noorma, ESTCube-1 in-orbit experience and lessons learned, IEEE Aerospace and Electronics Systems Magazine, 30, 13-22, 2015.
  40. Quarta, A.A., G. Aliasi and G. Mengali, Electric solar wind sail optimal transit in the circular restricted three body problem, Acta Astronaut., 116, 43-49, 2015.
  41. Janhunen, P., Boltzmann electron PIC simulation of the E-sail effect, Ann. Geophys., 33, 1507-1512, 2015.
  42. Janhunen, P. and P. Toivanen, TI tether rig for solving secular spinrate change problem of electric sail, Acta Astronaut., submitted, 2016.
  43. Quarta, A.A., G. Mengali and P. Janhunen, Electric sail option for cometary rendezvous, Acta Astronaut., 127, 684-692, 2016.
  44. Hassan, M., L. Borgese, G. Montesanti, E. Bemporad, G. Cesarini, R. Li Voti and L.E. Depero, Atomic layer deposition of semiconductor oxides on electric sail tethers, Thin Solid Films, doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2016.11.044, 2016.
  45. Toivanen, P. and P. Janhunen, Thrust vectoring of an electric solar wind sail with a realistic sail shape, Acta Astronaut., 131, 145-151, 2017.

Some scientific workshop proceedings and popular science publications

  1. English translation of 'Arkhimedes' journal paper (18 May 2007)
  2. Janhunen, P., G. Mengali and A. Quarta, Electric sail propulsion modeling and mission analysis, Int. Electric Propulsion Conf., Paper IEPC-2007-352, Florence, Italy, Sept 17-20, 2007.
  3. First Electric Sailing Workshop for industry and scientist at ESA ESTEC, 19 May 2008
  4. Janhunen, P., Recent advances in Electric Sail development, ASTRONUM-2008, St. John US Virgin Islands, June 8-13, ASP Conf. Ser., 406, 135, 2009.
  5. Janhunen, P., Physics of thrust prediction of the solar wind electric sail propulsion system, ASTRONUM-2009, Chamonix, France, June 29-July 3, ASP Conf. Ser., 429, 187-192, 2010.
  6. Janhunen, P., et al., Electric solar wind sail propulsion system development, International Electric Propulsion Conference IEPC-2011-058, Wiesbaden, Germany, Sept. 11-15, 2011.
  7. Janhunen, P., PIC simulation of Electric Sail with explicit trapped electron modelling, ASTRONUM-2011, Valencia, Spain, June 13-17, ASP Conf. Ser. 459, 271-276, 2012.
  8. Janhunen, P., S. Merikallio, P. Toivanen, J. Envall and J. Polkko, Possibilities opened by electric solar wind sail technology, 63rd Int. Astronautical Congress, Naples, Italy, Oct 1-5 2012, IAC-12-D4.1.4, 2012.
  9. Khursid, O., et al., Attitude dynamics analysis of Aalto-1 satellite during de-orbiting experiment with Plasma Brake, 63rd Int. Astronautical Congress, Naples, Italy, Oct 1-5 2012, IAC-12-B4.2.11, 2012.
  10. Toivanen, P., P. Janhunen, J. Envall and S. Merikallio, Electric solar wind sail control and navigation, Proceedings of First IAA Conference on Dynamics and Control of Space Systems, Porto, Portugal, March 19-21, 2012.
  11. Rauhala, T., H. Seppänen, J. Ukkonen, S. Kiprich, G. Maconi, P. Janhunen and E. Hæggström, Automatic 4-wire Heytether production for the electric solar wind sail, International Microelectronics Assembly and Packing Society Topical Workshop and Tabletop Exhibition on Wire Bonding, Radisson SAS hotel San Jose airport, Jan 22-23, San Jose, California, USA, 2013.
  12. Toivanen, P. and P. Janhunen, Electric solar wind sail: deployment, long-term dynamics and control hardware requirements, Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Solar Sailing, Glasgow, Scotland, June 11-13, 2013.
  13. Janhunen, P., Coulomb drag devices: electric solar wind sail propulsion and ionospheric deorbiting, Space Propulsion 2014, Köln, Germany, May 19-22, 2014.
  14. Quarta, A.A., G. Mengali and P. Janhunen, Electric sail option for cometary rendezvous, 9th IAA Symposium on the future of space exploration: towards new global programmes, Torino, Italy, July 7-9, 2015.
  15. Janhunen, P., J. Envall, P. Toivanen, T. Rauhala, E. Hæggström and Tor-Arne Grönland, CubeSat testing of Coulomb drag propulsion, Space Propulsion 2016, Rome, Italy, May 2-6, 2016.
  16. Janhunen, P., Toivanen, P. and Envall, J., Using charged tether Coulomb drag: E-sail and plasma brake. Fifth International Conference on Tethers in Space, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA, 24-26 May, 2016.

Some papers by other groups

Research relevant to the E-sail which is independent from our team. Notice that some articles do not mention the E-sail, but the paper is still directly relevant to it.

  1. Qi, N., M. Huo and Q. Yuan, Electric sail trajectory optimization and performance analysis, Journal of Astronautics, 2013-05, 2013.
  2. Siguier, J.-M., P. Sarrailh, J.-F. Roussel, V. Inguimbert, G. Murat and J. SanMartin, Drifting plasma collection by a positive biased tether wire in LEO-like plasma conditions: current measurement and plasma diagnostics, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 41, 3380-3386, 2013.
  3. Yamaguchi, K. and H. Yamakawa, Study on orbital maneuvers for electric sail with on-off thrust control, Aerospace Technology Japan, the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences, 12, 79-88, 2013.
  4. Sanchez-Torres, A., Propulsive force in an electric solar sail, Contrib. Plasma Phys., 54, 314-319, 2014.
  5. Novoseltsev, D., Small unmanned spacecraft with electric solar sail, Space Colonization Journal, 20, 2014.
  6. Sanchez-Arriaga, G. and D. Pastor-Moreno, Direct Vlasov simulations of electron-attracting cylindrical Langmuir probes in flowing plasmas, Phys. Plasmas, 21, 073504, 2014.
  7. Huo, M., Zhao, J., Xie, S. and Qi, N., Coupled attitude-orbit dynamics and control for an electric sail in a heliocentric transfer mission, PlosONE, May 7, 2015, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0125901.
  8. Yamaguchi, K. and H. Yamakawa, Electric solar wind sail kinetic energy impactor for asteroid deflection missions, J. Astronaut. Sci., 1-22, 2016, doit:10.1007/s40295-015-0081-x.
  9. Perakis, N. and A.M. Hein, Combining magnetic and electric sails for interstellar deceleration, Acta Astronaut., 128, 13-20, 2016.

Doctoral theses

  1. Henri Seppänen, Ultrasonically manufactured space tether, Univ. Helsinki, Mar 10, 2015.
  2. Andris Slavinskis, ESTCube-1 attitude determination, Univ. Tartu, Nov 26, 2015.

Some press releases